Rabbit Focus

How Good is a Rabbits Eyesight?

More and more people are getting rabbits as pets. No one can blame, though. After all, these animals look cute and adorable with their large floppy ears. But these creatures seem to be easily startled every time they see large objects. It leaves many owners wondering about the sense of sight of these animals. How good is a rabbits eyesight in the first place?

How Good is a Rabbits Eyesight?

Rabbits have an extensive range of vision because their eyes are located on the side of their head. While their depth perception is poor up close, they can clearly see things further away.

How Well Do Rabbits See?

If you ever had a pet bunny, you have probably noticed that they find it hard to see things that are right before their eyes. This phenomenon is what makes rabbit owners wonder how well their pets can see.

The placement of the eyes of rabbits plays a big role in the way these animals view the world. They have large eyes that are located high on the side of the head near the top of the skull, giving them an almost 360-degree vision.

Even if they don’t move their head, rabbits have an extensive field of vision that gives them exceptional vision against potential predators like wolves and coyotes. Rabbits are also farsighted, making them well-equipped for spotting predators in almost any direction even from a long distance.

The eyes of rabbits are developed for detecting predators from almost all directions quickly. These animals are also very good when it comes to working out escape routes at all times from where they are located.

The two big eyes of rabbits can be brown, blue, marbled, blue-grey, or even red. A rabbit’s eyes can also be almost any color with green being the only exception. The eye’s color turns dark as a rabbit grows older.

Does the Eyesight of Rabbits Have Blind Spot?

Due to the placement of their eyes, rabbits’ eyesight has a blind spot in front of the face. This explains why they have a hard time seeing anything that is directly before their eyes. To make up for this blind spot, rabbits are equipped with a sharp sense of smell. They use their teeth and whiskers to help them see what is in their blind spot.

At close ranges, rabbits also lose most of their depth perception. These animals can see in two dimensions rather than the three that everyone is used to. However, the vision of rabbits is not really as sharp as the vision of humans. It is this grainy vision that explains why bunnies are easily startled. They might not recognize the shape of their owners most of the time.

Why Rabbits Cannot See in Front of the Nose

Bunnies have blind spot in front of the nose and under their chin. Due to the placement of the eyes on the side of the head, around 30 degrees of a rabbit’s vision field is overlapping, with 10 degrees in front of their face becoming a blind spot.

This blind spot is estimated to be 10 degrees in front of a rabbit’s nose, resulting in the animal’s three-dimensional sight. Rabbits use a system similar to that of birds known as parallax to estimate how far or near an object is.

It involves the up and down bobbing of the head while a rabbit looks at a distant object. Rabbits move more if the object is closer. This action is known as eye scanning.

Since rabbits don’t see that well in three dimensions, they only have a two-dimensional world. Rabbits wouldn’t know if a predator is 50 or 5 yards away. For rabbits, the world is similar to looking at the screen of the device you are using to read this article.

If you put a treat right in front of the nose of your bunny, it won’t be able to see and instead, it will use its sense of taste and smell to find and identify it. The mouths and lips of rabbits are sensitive, not to mention that their taste buds are also very sophisticated in choosing their food. Their sense of smell and whiskers also help rabbits pick the right and safe food for them.

Can Rabbits See in Color?

The cones and rods that make up the eyes of rabbits will let you know if these animals can also see in color. Pigments that can see colors are found in the cones while the rods don’t have pigments of color vision.

The eyes of rabbits have more rods compared to cones that reach 300,000 per square mm, unlike cones that are only 18,000 per square mm.

While these cones lack sensitivity to red light, they are sensitive to blue and green. A big part of the retina consists of sensitive green cones although some parts only have blue cones.

Rabbits may be able to tell green and blue apart, but they only see other colors in grey.

Do Rabbits Have Good Eyesight at Night?

While the eyes of rabbits may be similar to humans, these animals tend to see better under low light environments. As mentioned earlier, cones and rods make up a rabbit’s eye. The rods let them see at night or at low light levels while cones can see day or higher light levels.

Since there are rods in the eyes of rabbits than cones, it gives them better eyesight in the dark than humans. The only downside is that the increased vision may come at a price because the images may have lower resolution than humans.

Rabbits are not nocturnal animals, but they don’t really like to stay up all day or sleep at night. These creatures are crepuscular, which means that dawn and dusk are the most active times for them.

Their eyesight is ideal during these times because their vision is not suitable for either dark night times or bright day times.

The next time you approach your bunny, don’t be surprised if it acts startled. He just probably didn’t see you well.

And with that, we officially end this blog post. But before you go, can you do us a solid and spread the love (or laughter) by sharing this on your social media? Who knows, maybe we might even find someone who can relate to our content and benefit from it... Wink