Rabbit Focus

How Do Rabbits Poop in Pellets?

The adorable rabbits are popular for being loving and quiet pets. However, they also tend to be somewhat fussy at times. Rabbits are also unique in terms of their biology and dietary needs. But while bunnies have a long list of bewildering behaviors, their pellet poops are among the first things that most owners notice faster than others.

How Do Rabbits Poop in Pellets?

But have you wondered why rabbits have pellet poop? How do rabbits poop in pellets?

A rabbit’s digestive system doesn’t process food in just a single pass and must be separated so that it will work through the animal’s system. Rabbits pooping in pellets allow waste to easily pass through and is also a good way to keep their guts clean.

In this sense, you might find rabbit biology a bit gross. However, it is also fascinating at the same time, and knowing what you should expect will help you look after your pet bunny better.

This article aims to give you a quick glimpse into the pooping habits of your rabbit:

Why Do Rabbits Poop Pellets?

The design of the digestive tract of rabbits is part of the reason why these animals poop in pellets. Rabbits are known as hindgut fermenters. This means that some parts of their body are especially devoted to helping separate the food from the fibers they cannot digest.

How Do the Digestive Tracts of Rabbits Change How They Poop?

Bunnies have one-of-a-kind anatomy that makes their bodies quite conducive to making them poop in pellets. It is all because of their rectums, their colors, and the small gland known as the cecum.

The colons of rabbits are small, giving them that tendency to ball up their fecal matter in such a way that resembles that of many other animals such as sheep and horses. The nutrients they acquire from the digestive tract are transferred to the cecum producing a completely different texture.

This alone will already encourage the balling up of the rabbit’s poop but there is still a little more to it than this alone. The rectums of the rabbit also have a major role to play in the shape of their poop.

How Does a Rabbit’s Rectum Turn Poop into Pellets?

The shape of poop is largely determined by the rectum of the animal. The rectums of some species will remain for an extended period although the rectum might also just remain open for a short time for others. Some animals may also control their rectums better than others.

Rabbits, on the other hand, have somewhat limited control over their rectum. A rabbit’s rectum squeezes naturally in a rhythmic manner. It means that the poop of rabbits will pop out in pellets of equal size and that you won’t see any other shape or size coming out of them.

Why Do Rabbits Have Firm Poop?

If you have ever tried cleaning up after your bunny, you surely already know that they have very firm poop compared to the waste of other animals. It is by design and can help clean out the gastrointestinal tract of rabbits to ensure that their cecum production remains fairly clean at all times.

One more reason why the poop of rabbits stays firm has something to do with water. Rabbits have naturally very dry poop and this may also be this way to help clean out the rabbit’s rectums for cecum.

Should You Worry If a Rabbit Doesn’t Poop in Pellets?

No matter what species of rabbits you have, examining their poop closely can be a great way to identify their state of health. When you notice that the poop of your rabbit is already starting to seem a bit watery, is no longer pellet-shaped, or the poop of your pet just doesn’t look quite right, it should definitely be a cause for concern.

An irregular rabbit may be a sign of any of the following:

Eating an Excessively Small Amount of Hay

Rabbits require a diet that includes hard fiber such as hay for them to stay healthy. Small poop pellets may indicate that your pet is having a smaller amount of fiber than what they need.

Eating an Excessively High Amount of Fur

If your bunny is extra fluffy, you might also notice that the animal’s poop is strung together that looks like a string of pearls. It is a sign that your pet is eating their hair which may result in digestive issues later on.

Eating High Amounts of Heavy Foods

Large and moist turds can also be a sign that the rabbit is overeating. To prevent it from happening, you might need to cut back on the sweets every time you feed your pets.

Food Poisoning

Just like other species, rabbits may also get sick if they eat bad food. Most of the time, runny poop may be a sign of some food-related diseases.


A rabbit that is battling a serious infection usually will suffer from runny diarrhea as a symptom or sign that it is experiencing some serious pains.

In general, when you notice your rabbit having very runny diarrhea and other major poop changes, you might need to take your pet to the vet right away. Even if it may seem like nothing, it will always be better to stay on the safe side to avoid any regrets in the end.

Do Rabbits Eat Their Poop?

You have probably heard that bunnies poop in pellets since this shape will be easier and faster for them to eat. It is one of the most common misconceptions people have every time they see their pet rabbits chomping down on the things that come out of their behinds. But although it might look a bit possible, the truth is that rabbits never eat their own poop.

In reality, rabbits produce two different kinds of matter that they expel out of their anus, namely cecum pellets and fecal matter. The fecal matter of rabbits is the only form that is in pellet shape that people often associate with bunnies.

And with that, we officially end this blog post. But before you go, can you do us a solid and spread the love (or laughter) by sharing this on your social media? Who knows, maybe we might even find someone who can relate to our content and benefit from it... Wink